If you are entering into an employment contract do you know what should be included? If you are an employer and using an old contract, should it be reviewed first? Contracts should be individually structured to meet the needs of those involved and in reality both employer and employee should seek legal assistance first before offering or accepting an employment contract.
This article is intended to provide a starting point only and attempts to clarify some of the important information all parties should know.
What terms should always be in an Employment Contract?
Naturally there are some preliminary matters. For example, the identity of the parties needs to be set out as well as the duration of the contract (if fixed). If the employer is an entity, ensure the full company name is used and not the business name.
The contract then needs to specify the terms.
Before the terms are considered, the application of any statutory provisions or award or collective agreement must be considered. Generally speaking, employers and employees cannot contract out of such instruments unless the instrument itself facilitates that. This means that if the employee is covered by an award and the award has more generous terms than the contract, the award will apply.
The following are critical to mention and the particular entitlements need to be specified, including:
Some workplace policies will be incorporated into the contract because of the nature of their content, some will not, and it is often hard to know what matters a court will find are incorporated. If an employer definitely wants to incorporate a policy into the contract, they can expressly do so by reference in the contract.
Employees and contractors
There is often ambiguity in a workers’ status, as to whether they are a true employee of an independent contractor. Employment law differs from other law, such as tax law, on these questions.
There are also significant legal consequences of incorrectly assuming an employee is a contractor, or vice versa. The true nature of the working relationship should be considered at the time of drafting an employment contract or a contract for services.
The employer is responsible to ensure that appropriate superannuation contributions are paid into the employee’s nominated superannuation fund. Generally a contractor will be responsible for their own superannuation contributions.
Some entitlements and obligations that exist in the employment relationship are implied. This means that they are not written down or stated, but they still exist.
The implied terms include:
When negotiating an employment contract it is essential for both employers and employees that the contractual arrangements should be specific to the individual and the terms say what you want them to mean. Parties entering into these arrangements are wise to seek legal assistance beforehand to ensure they are right.
If you want to know more or if you run a business and would like your draft employment contracts reviewed please call us on (02) 9238 0060 or email firstname.lastname@example.org.